- Do not buy poorly designed toys with sharp, pointed, or rough edges that can cut or poke.
- Be certain that the stick handles of toy brooms, mops, sweepers, and push toys have rounded edges.
- Always select toys appropriate to a child's age.
- Be certain that children have and wear the proper goggles when using minibikes, skis, and snowmobiles.
- Proper nutrition can help prevent eye diseases and blindness. For example, five to nine servings of fruits and vegetables per day can reduce risk of blindness and other diseases.
- Incorporate vitamins, especially vitamin A and C, into your diet.
- You can get vitamin A from two types of food sources: animal products that contain vitamin A (such as liver or butter) or plant products that contain carotene, which your body converts into vitamin A. Foods that contain carotene are usually yellow/orange or leafy and green.
- Studies suggest that high levels of vitamin C can reduce the risk of cataracts, which are caused by a buildup of protein that results in cloudy vision. Antioxidant vitamins C and E may also play a role in delaying age-related macular degeneration, which currently has no cure. The U.S. recommended daily allowance (RDA) is 60 milligrams (mg) for both males and females. You should get the RDA every day. Not only are people unable to create their own vitamin C (unlike most other species), but we cannot store it in our bodies for very long.
- If you smoke, drink, or have diabetes, you should try to take extra vitamin C, because your levels will tend to be lower than average.
- Citrus fruits, berries, peppers, tropical fruits, potatoes, and green, leafy vegetables tend to have large amounts of vitamin C.
- For Diabetics, regular visits to the eye doctor can help prevent blindness due to diabetic eye disease.
- Keep your Blood Glucose level under control. Diabetics who maintain normal blood sugar levels can reduce the risk of diabetic eye disease by 76%.
- Keep your Blood Pressure under control. If your Blood Pressure is higher than 140/90, then you may be at risk for eye damage.
Avoiding Eye Strain
The most common symptoms of Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) are: eyestrain (sore or tired eyes), headaches, blurred near vision, blurred distance vision after close work, slowness in the changing of the focus of the eyes (distance to near and back), light sensitivity, eye irritation (burning, dryness, redness), contact lens discomfort, and neck, shoulder, or back pain.
- Take breaks from looking at computer screens and documents.
- Close your eyes and let them rest every once in a while.
- Blink often when staring at screens and papers to keep eyes moist.
- Work in a well lit room (full spectrum light bulbs are recommended) especially when working with a computer.
- Use an anti-glare screen to protect your eyes from the glare of the monitor.
- Place your computer monitor 18-30 inches from your eyes.
- Always wear sunglasses when it is bright outside.
- Make sure you get enough sleep (approximately 8 hours per night) to avoid eyestrain.
- Lower your computer screen so that the center is four to eight inches below your eyes.
- If you are seated in a draft or near an air vent, try to eliminate the flow of air past your eyes.
Quick Eye Test
- When you stare at an object, does it look curved, wavy, or bent?
- Do you see a dark or blurry spot in the center of your vision?
- When you cover your other eye, is the object a different color?
*If you answered yes to any of the questions, as a precaution, you may want to consult your eye doctor or physician.